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Tian’an Men Square, the Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven & the Summer Palace:

Tian An Men Square

The symbol of China , Tian An Men Square located right in the center of Beijing is the largest city centre square in the world. It is 880 meters long north-south and 500 meters wide east-west, with a total area of 440,000 square meters. It is big for one million people to gather there.

The square used to be an officials ' residential compound south of the Forbidden City in the old days. At the north end of the square is the Tian'an Men Gate( gate of heavenly peace). Right on the north is the Tian'an Men flies the national flag of the People's Republic of China . In the center of the square stands the Monument to People's Heroes and Chairman Mao's Mausoleum. On the west side of square is the Great Hall of the People, Congress hall,On the east side are the Museum of Chinese History and the Museum of the Chinese Revolution. On the south end of the square are Zheng Yang Men (Gate of Sunlight) and the Arrow Tower of Qianmen (Front Gate). The square is splendid and magnificent. The buildings are symmetrical and harmoniously integrated. State ceremonies and activities of state affairs are held here. Tian ' an Men has witnessed many major political and historical events and SOMETHING.

The Forbidden City

The Forbidden City lying at the center of Beijing used to be the imperial palace of 24 emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties. It's 960 meters long and 750 meters wide covering a floor space of 720,000 square meters with 9,999 buildings - the world largest palace. Construction of the palace complex started in 1407 and was completed 14 years later in 1420. It was said that a million workers including 100,000 artisans were driven into the long-term hard labor. Huge amount of timbers and other materials were all freighted from faraway provinces.

The rectangular city is encircled in a 52-meter-wide, 6-meter-deep moat and a 10-meter-high city wall with four corner towers overlooking the city inside and outside. Since yellow is the symbol of the royal family, it is the dominant color in the Forbidden City . decorations in the palace are painted yellow. Even the Roofs are built with yellow glazed tiles;

Generally, it was divided into two parts, the northern half, the Outer Court where emperors executed their supreme power over the nation and the southern half, the Inner Court where they lived with their royal family.

Until 1924 when the last emperor Puyi in China was driven out of the Inner Court , 14 emperors of the Ming dynasty and 10 emperors of the Qing dynasty had reigned here. It is now listed by the UN as World Cultural Heritage in 1987.

Nowadays, it is open to tourists home and abroad. Splendid paintings on the royal architectures, grand and deluxe halls, and surprisingly magnificent treasures will certainly satisfy "modern civilians".

The Temple of Heaven

The Temple of Heaven was first built in 1420 under the Ming dynasty . It occupys an area of 273 hectares . In architecture the entire design is symbolic. The southern wall of the Temple is square, while the northern one is semi-circular, a pattern representing the ancient belief that Heaven is round and Earth square. During the Ming and the Qing dynasties, the Emperors would come to worship heaven at the winter solstice and to pray for a good harvest on the fifteenth day of first lunar month. If there happened to be a drought, emperor would come here to pray for rainfall. In addition, emperors also worshiped thier ancestors. Therefore, the ceremony conducted at the Temple of Heaven was an act of national importance.

The Circular Mound Altar, also known as the Altar for Worshiping Heaven, is the place where the emperor worshiped Heaven at the winter solstice.

The Imperial Vault of Heaven is the place where the tablets of the gods were kept, surrounded by a circular wall of polished bricks, known as Echo Wall, where a person whispering close to the wall at any point can be heard distinctly at any other point along the wall. ,

The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests is a lofty, round structure with triple eaves and a cone-shaped blue-tile roof crowned with a gilded knob. That ' s where the Emperors of the Ming and the Qing dynasties prayed for a good harvest on the fifteenth day of first lunar month.

The Summer Palace

The Summer Palace , located in the western suburbs of Beijing , is the last imperial garden built by the feudal dynasties of ancient China . It was destroyed by the British and French Allied Armies in 1860 and then again by the Eight-Powers United Army in 1900.

The Empress Dowager Cixi (1835-1908) then appropriated the navy's budget to rebuild it. In 1998, this imperial garden, which belongs to world civilization, was entered in the ranks of World Cultural Heritage.

Renshoudian where the Qing emperors met with various ministers.

Yulan Tang built for the relaxation of the Emperor Qianlong was rebuilt in the 18 th year of Guangxu and made into a sleeping chamber for the Guangxu Emperor. ln 1898, after Cixi put the Reform Movement into motion, she locked Guangxu up inside this small palace.

The Leshou Tang Main Hall was the resting palace of Cixi .

the Kunming Lake – Qing navy training lake is a long corridor which contains 273 small 'rooms' is 728 meters long -the longest corridor in any form of Chinese garden or ancient architecture. Some 8,000 paintings are painted directly on the beams of the corridor.

This is a stone boat that is 36 meters long. The cabin on it is made of wood, and it is furnished with western style tables and chairs.

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The Forbidden City, Tian'an Men Square, TheTemple of Heaven & The Summer Palace

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The Forbidden City, Tian'an Men Square, TheTemple of Heaven & The Summer Palace

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